Academy of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Tajikistan



In modern legal science there are many issues related to the study of legal education and its role in the formation of legal culture of society. There are various approaches to understanding the essence and content of legal education, its development and improving the quality of legal knowledge assimilation. Scientific research on this topic, conducted by scientists and lawyers, deserves attention because of the relevance of this phenomenon.
The main goal of legal education is to create in a person an awareness of and respect for the law, as well as to assist in countering offenses, fighting legal nihilism, corruption and other similar phenomena. In order to achieve this goal, it is necessary for a person to have firmly rooted high moral ideals, which he or she always follows.
The purpose of legal education is to develop legal consciousness and culture so that people can conform to the legal norms and values of the state. It aims to develop attitudes that are in line with social expectations. It is important that the needs of the individual coincide with the needs of society and its values. Legal education and training are closely related: the process of education is impossible without training, and training includes an educational aspect.
Legal education is the process of forming a legal culture among citizens and in society as a whole.
This process is carried out through the media, state bodies, officials, educational institutions and non-governmental organizations.
Legal education can be considered in a broad and narrow sense.
In a broad sense, it is about legal socialization of a person, when he or she is influenced by the surrounding environment, the system of legal practice and the behavior of representatives of state bodies.
In the narrow sense, legal education is aimed at increasing the level of legal culture of an individual, a group of people or society as a whole.
Legal education, according to O.A. Ruzakova and A.B. Ruzakova, is a systematic impact on the consciousness of a person and the level of his behavioral culture. The goal is to achieve the necessary level of legal knowledge, formation of respect for the laws and their accurate observance based on the personal beliefs.
Z.Z. Gumerova, on the contrary, believes that legal education is a process of formation of values of legal consciousness and their consolidation. These values determine the direction of social behavior of subjects.
According to L.M. Matvienko, legal education is a process of forming a personality with a broad knowledge of law, the ability to understand the laws, the possession of skills of lawful behavior and active legal position.
T.V. Sinyukova's view of legal education emphasizes its importance as a systematic impact on human consciousness and behavior. The purpose of this impact is the formation of positive attitudes, values and attitudes that promote the observance, execution and use of legal norms.
According to Sinyukova, legal education is a complex system of activities involving both state bodies and society as a whole. It is aimed at the development of legal consciousness and culture of each person.
Effective legal education requires a variable model for the use of training and education technologies. State programs clearly define the parameters of legal education, including IT-technologies and various communication systems. The main technologies aimed at the formation of legal culture include informatization, legal education and upbringing, scientific research, and professional development of legal specialists.
The tools used for legal awareness play an important role in the transmission, perception, transformation and utilization of legal information.
The paradigm approach to the study of legal education proposed by T.V. Gubaeva and Z.Z. Gumerova is of interest. According to this approach, the paradigm of legal education is a system of different theoretical views that determine the development of scientific knowledge on this topic.
The main characteristics of this paradigm are as follows:
1) it has an instrumental character, serving as a way of cognition and a means of conducting research programs;
2) it is based on a dialectical synthesis of knowledge, taking into account previous research and addressing perspectives;
3) it reveals interdisciplinary links, taking into account different fields of knowledge.
For the effective formation of civil society, it is necessary to combat phenomena such as legal nihilism and corruption. Of particular importance is the level of legal awareness and legal culture of the population. To achieve this goal, it is necessary to develop a system of legal education.
One of the key solutions to the problem of legal nihilism is the development of legal education. Legal education is understood as a purposeful impact on the consciousness of a person in order to form a high level of legal culture. Such impact can be carried out by the authorities, public organizations, human rights movements in order to improve the legal culture of the population.
Legal education is a process of influence on the consciousness and behavior of a person by the state, public organizations and citizens. This process has a systematic and purposeful character and is aimed at forming an individual's system of values and worldview. The purpose of such influence is to create stable perceptions and attitudes conducive to the observance and use of legal norms in everyday life.

Rustamzoda A.Q.

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Address by the President of the Republic of Tajikistan, H.E. Emomali Rahmon “On Major Dimensions of Tajikistan’s Domestic and Foreign Policy”
Distinguished members of Majlisi Milli and delegates of Majlisi Namoyandagon!

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